Quiz #2

March 6, 2010

1. Name the pre-colonial city where book selling was the chief industry.
2. Name the African American who led the most feared and successful armed rebellion against African American Enslavement.
3. Name the foremost black abolitionist who fought to end American Slavery and championed of women’s rights.
4. Name the scholar, intellectual, writer, poet, and civil rights activist who helped found the NAACP and pioneered Black Studies.
5. What song is known as the “Black National Anthem?”
6. Who was the first African American heavyweight champion as well as an inventor?
7. Name the doctor who patented a medical invention in the 1980s.
8. Who created Black History Week and is known as the Father ofBlack History?
9. Who is known as the “Father of the Harlem Renaissance?”
10. Name the first modern day political convention organized by African American in the 1970s?

Answers

1. Timbuktu, a city in West African nation of Mali. Timbuktu was made prosperous by the tenth Mali Empire. It was home to Sankore University and was an intellectual and spiritual capital and centre for the propagation of Islam throughout Africa in the 15th and 16th centuries.
2. Nathaniel “Nat” Turner led a slave rebellion in Virginia on August 21, 1831 that resulted in 60 deaths, the largest number of fatalities to occur in one uprising in the antebellum southern United States.
3. Frederick Douglass was an American abolitionist, women’s suffragist, editor, orator, author, statesman, and reformer. Called “The Sage of Anacostia” and “The Lion of Anacostia”, Douglass is one of the most prominent figures in African American and United States history. He was a firm believer in the equality of all people, whether black, female, Native American, or recent immigrant. He was fond of saying, “I would unite with anybody to do right and with nobody to do wrong.”
4. W.E. B. Du Bois was an American civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, sociologist, historian, author, and editor. Historian David Levering Lewis wrote, “In the course of his long, turbulent career, W. E. B. Du Bois attempted virtually every possible solution to the problem of twentieth-century racism— scholarship, propaganda, integration, national self-determination, human rights, cultural and economic separatism, politics, international communism, expatriation, third world solidarity.”
5. “Lift Every Voice and Sing” often called “The Negro National Anthem,” “The Black National Anthem,” or “The African-American National Anthem”— was written as a poem by James Weldon Johnson and then set to music by his brother John Rosamond Johnson in 1900.
6. Jack Johnson is one of the most interesting inventors ever. The world’s first African American heavyweight champion patented a wrench on April the 18th, 1922. Johnson captured became the World Heavyweight Champion in 1908. He defeated Tommy Burns for the title and thereby became the first Black man to hold the World Heavyweight Title.
7. Patricia Era Bath, an ophthalmologist credited as the first African American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose. Bath received the patent in 1988 for an “Apparatus for ablating and removing cataract lenses”, a version of a device designed to help remove cataracts with a fiberoptic laser.
8. Carter Godwin Woodson, an African American historian, author, journalist and the founder of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History, was one of the first scholars to value and study Black History. He recognized and acted upon the importance of a people having an awareness and knowledge of their contributions to humanity and left behind an impressive legacy. A founder of Journal of Negro History, Dr. Woodson is known as the Father of Black History.
9. Alain Locke, an American writer, philosopher, educator, and patron of the arts is best known for his writings on and about the Harlem Renaissance. He is unofficially called the “Father of the Harlem Renaissance”. His philosophy served as a strong motivating force in keeping the energy and passion of the Movement at the forefront.
10. National Black Political Convention pulled together a cross section of people representing a wide range of political philosophies. The convention brought together Republicans, Democrats, nationalists, Socialists, and independents. In addition to the steering committee, the conference included Carl Stokes, Louis Stokes, Yvonne Braithwaite, Jesse Jackson, Walter E. Fauntroy, Ronald V. Dellums, Richard Roundtree, Bobby Seale, Louis Farrakhan, Vincent Harding, Patricia Patterson, Kim Weston, Barbara Jordan, and Julian Bond.

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